How to Be a Web Developer in 2021

In today’s day and age, we are all surrounded by technology. Technology is everywhere, from basic applications to ground-breaking inventions such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (MI), Robotics and others. Even the social media sites and search engines we visit and consume content come from technology.

The eCommerce sites that we use for purchasing items and company websites we visit for information require technology. If you are a technocrat or looking to build your website, get on the bandwagon with web development in London; it is on an upward slope.

What is Web Development?

To start with the basics, first, understand what web development is. It is the process of creating websites and applications and includes both – ones curated for open-source use, that is, the Internet, and for private networks – commonly seen in large corporations – that is the Intranet. The advent focuses on the coding and programming of sites that drive functionality and operation.

To further delve into this arena, web development comprises three layers: client-side coding (frontend), server-side coding (backend) and database technology.

The Three Layers of Web Development

Front End Development

Front end development concerns the features directly visible and easily accessible by the end-user. What you experience upon website loadings, such as user-friendliness and aesthetics, are done by front end developers. In simpler words, they incorporate the visual components that go into websites, including buttons, navigation and other aspects.

If frontend development is something that entices you, then HTML, JavaScript, and CSS are paramount. Mastery of these languages is a prerequisite. In addition, you also need to be well-equipped with the know-how about creating responsive designs, testing, and debugging. More so, familiarise yourself with tools such as content management systems, APIs, and frameworks.

Back End Development

Back end development caters to the behind-the-scenes of websites and focuses on server-side logic and integration for web applications. To put it in simpler words, it works on customer-facing products and programs. These developers handle servers, databases, and applications; these are aspects that are unseen to the end-user.

For aspiring backend developers, languages and frameworks such as Java and Ruby on Rails are a must-have. Secondly, getting acquainted with some skills will come in handy. Job providers typically look for knowledge of database management, framework utilization, programming, and security compliance.

Database Technology

Think of database technology as the support system or backbone of web development. It makes for the repository that stores and manages multiple contents such as codes and files paramount to the optimal functionality of websites. Most websites today use some form of Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) that enables this trifecta of web development to synchronize seamlessly to create fully functional websites.

For those looking to delve deeper into database technology, the Structured Query Language (SQL) is deemed easiest among the varied options. It is similar to English, which makes it easy to read, write, and comprehend. Also, familiarise yourself with some of the mainstream relational database management systems such as MySQL, PostgreSQL and Oracle DB.

Difference between Web Design and Web Development

Although often used interchangeably, there is a stark difference between web design and web development. Web development caters to the functional aspects of websites such as servers and applications. Web design with the look and feel – or vibe – of the website. That is, web design caters to color schemes, fonts, drop-downs, scrollbars, and touchpoints. If you need further support from an experienced agency, you can check the web design agencies in London.

Now that you are familiar with what web development entails, we now delve into how to go about acquiring these skills. If you have come this far, then you’re probably intrigued to learn about web development, no?

The Learning Curve for Codebreakers

Thanks to the Internet for putting forth a plethora of online courses. These online courses are referred to as Coding Bootcamps. Application and practicality-driven, the learning curve is intense, and you can get job-ready even in twelve weeks.

Further good news is that you need not belong to a tech-related field such as engineering, computer science or software engineering. Even those belonging to diverse areas can develop proficiency in coding and web development. Breaking the traditional bulwark where web developers spurt out through their higher education pursuits from tech-related fields, there are immense opportunities for you to start anytime and anywhere. According to Switchup, several coding boot camps such as Le Wagon and General Assembly help hone your skills and abilities in web development.

According to research published by Brainstation, a growing number of web development professionals start later in their careers. Around 55 per cent of respondents hail from a different field.

The Growth Areas of Tomorrow

More than skill-building, one should look out for relevant skill-building. While already in the market, the phenomenon AI, ML, Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain, and augmented reality (AR) are in the nascent stages. The future holds tremendous growth in these areas, and upcoming web development enthusiasts should get on with pursuing proficiency in languages in these aspects.

The area-specific coding languages are Ruby and Solidity for Blockchain, JavaScript and PHP for IoT, Lisp and Prolog for AI and ML, and JavaScript and Swift for AR. Moreover, Cloud infrastructure is among the growth areas, and HashiCorp Configuration Language (HCL) is the recommended coding language.

Final Comments

Technology is prevalent and is everywhere, from brand websites to social media platforms to eCommerce websites. Web development creates applications and websites and comprises the three pillars of front end development, back end development, and database technology.

Web development differs from web design in that the former caters to servers and applications and the latter to the visual aspects such as color schemes, fonts, and touchpoints. Learning web development today has become easier than before and can be pursued through coding boot camps. More so, with immense growth potential in blockchain, IoT, AR and others, one should get on the bandwagon with these as well.

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